Alzheimer disease

What is Alzheimer's disease?

Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia, a general term for loss of memory and other cognitive abilities that interfere with everyday life.

Alzheimer's disease is responsible for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases. Alzheimer's is not a normal feature of aging. The most important known risk factor is age, and most people with Alzheimer's are older than 65 years. But Alzheimer's is not just a disease of old age. Approximately 200,000 Americans under the age of 65 have early-onset Alzheimer's disease (also known as early-onset Alzheimer's).

  • Use a non-slip backing on carpets.
  • Remove loose cables.
  • Wear sturdy and comfortable shoes.
  • Keep hallways well lit and clutter free.
  • Place a handrail and a non-slip mat in the bathtub.
  • Put childproof locks on cabinets with dangerous items.
  • Childproof covers can also be put on the stove.
  • Keep exterior doors locked.
  • Have you carry identification with you at all times. You can have a bracelet made with your personal data.
  • Put a system in the home to know when people enter or leave.
  • Schedule appointments, visits, and activities for times of the day when the person with Alzheimer's disease is at their best.
  • Do activities that he or she enjoys.
  • Maintain a routine and avoid new or crowded places.
  • Use simple words, short sentences, and a calm voice.
  • Don't give too many options. For example, offer only 2 options for food.
  • Buy clothes and shoes that are easy to put on and take off.
  • Use the bathroom every few hours.
  • Do not drink liquids before going to bed.
  • Give many small meals a day, instead of 3 large meals.
  • Give drinks that are high in protein or calories, such as shakes.
  • Make food easier to eat by putting it on. For example, cutting it.
  • Do not nap during the day.
  • Make sure he or she gets enough physical activity during the day (but not right before bed).
  • Open the curtains in the morning to let in the light.
  • Keep a schedule for waking up and going to bed every day.
  • Keep the bedroom quiet, cool, and dark at night.
  • Ask your doctor if any of your family member's medications could be making your sleep worse.

After being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, patients with the help of family members will need to make plans to:

  • Life situation- If he or she is unable to live alone, they may require a home caregiver or move into a retirement home.
  • Decision making- From the beginning, a family member with a “power of attorney” should be chosen to make decisions for him or her when they can no longer do so.
  • Money- People with Alzheimer's disease have trouble understanding how to manage their money as the disease worsens. If the person with Alzheimer's disease takes care of his own money, it should be verified that he is doing it correctly.
  • Lead- Talk to your doctor about when you should stop driving. The right time to stop is different for each person.

If the behavior changes suddenly, the doctor should be called. It could mean you have an infection. This is because the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are often worse when people get infections, especially urinary tract or lung infections.

Caring for a person with Alzheimer's disease is hard work, and it generally gets harder as the disease worsens. Don't feel bad or guilty about asking for help. One way to get help is to take a break from caring. You can do this by hiring a caregiver to help bathe, dress, or feed your family member. You can also find an adult care program that you can take your family member to during the day. Another way to get help is to join a support group.


March 2021


Login / register here
Go to Top